Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neurosci. 2011 Jun 1;31(22):8271-9. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1147-11.2011.

Protein kinase CK2 increases glutamatergic input in the hypothalamus and sympathetic vasomotor tone in hypertension.

Author information

1
Departments of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine and Critical Care, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 770304009, USA.

Abstract

Increased glutamatergic input in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is important for high sympathetic outflow in hypertension, but the associated molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we determined the role of protein kinase CK2 (formerly casein kinase II) in increased N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activity in spinally projecting PVN neurons and sympathetic vasomotor tone in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). The selective CK2 inhibitors 5,6-dichloro-1-β-d-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole (DRB) or 4,5,6,7-tetrabromobenzotriazole (TBB) significantly decreased the frequency of miniature EPSCs (mEPSCs) of labeled PVN neurons in SHRs but not in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) normotensive rats. Also, DRB abolished the inhibitory effect of the NMDAR antagonist AP5 on the frequency of mEPSCs in SHRs. Treatment with DRB or TBB significantly reduced the amplitude of evoked NMDA-EPSCs but not AMPA-EPSCs in SHRs. Furthermore, DRB significantly decreased the firing activity of PVN neurons in SHRs but not in WKY rats. The membrane protein level of CK2α in the PVN, but not brainstem and prefrontal cortex, was significantly higher in SHRs than in WKY rats. Lowering blood pressure with celiac ganglionectomy in SHRs did not alter the increased CK2α level and the effects of DRB on mEPSCs and NMDA-EPSCs. In addition, intracerebroventricular injection of DRB not only significantly reduced blood pressure and lumbar sympathetic nerve discharges but also eliminated the inhibitory effect of AP5 microinjected into the PVN on sympathetic nerve activity in SHRs. Our findings suggest that augmented CK2 activity critically contributes to increased presynaptic and postsynaptic NMDAR activity in the PVN and elevated sympathetic vasomotor tone in essential hypertension.

PMID:
21632948
PMCID:
PMC3123887
DOI:
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1147-11.2011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center