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Addiction. 2011 Dec;106(12):2124-31. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03521.x. Epub 2011 Aug 23.

Reducing the legal blood alcohol concentration limit for driving in developing countries: a time for change? Results and implications derived from a time-series analysis (2001-10) conducted in Brazil.

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil. gabriel.biousp@gmail.com

Erratum in

  • Addiction. 2012 Jan;107(1):236.

Abstract

AIMS:

In Brazil, a new law introduced in 2008 has lowered the blood alcohol concentration limit for drivers from 0.06 to 0.02, but the effectiveness in reducing traffic accidents remains uncertain. This study evaluated the effects of this enactment on road traffic injuries and fatalities.

DESIGN:

Time-series analysis using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) modelling.

SETTING:

State and capital of São Paulo, Brazil.

PARTICIPANTS:

  A total of 1,471,087 non-fatal and 51,561 fatal road traffic accident cases in both regions.

MEASUREMENTS:

Monthly rates of traffic injuries and fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants from January 2001 to June 2010.

FINDINGS:

The new traffic law was responsible for significant reductions in traffic injury and fatality rates in both localities (P<0.05). A stronger effect was observed for traffic fatality (-7.2 and -16.0% in the average monthly rate in the State and capital, respectively) compared to traffic injury rates (-1.8 and -2.3% in the State and capital, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Lowering the blood alcohol concentration limit in Brazil had a greater impact on traffic fatalities than injuries, with a higher effect in the capital, where presumably the police enforcement was enhanced.

PMID:
21631625
PMCID:
PMC3184361
DOI:
10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03521.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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