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Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Jun;30(6):E17. doi: 10.3171/2011.4.FOCUS1154.

Therapeutic hypothermia in acute ischemic stroke.

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Department of Neurology, Division of Neurocritical Care/Stroke, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.


Induced hypothermia has been used for neuroprotection in cardiac and neurovascular procedures. Experimental and translational studies provide evidence for its utility in the treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Over the past decade, these principles have been applied to the clinical management of acute stroke. Varying induction methods, time windows, clinical indications, and adjuvant therapies have been studied. In this article the authors review the mechanisms and techniques for achieving therapeutic hypothermia in the setting of acute stroke, and they outline pertinent side effects and complications. The manuscript summarizes and examines the relevant clinical trials to date. Despite a reasonable amount of existing data, this review suggests that additional trials are warranted to define the optimal time window, temperature regimen, and precise clinical indications for induction of therapeutic hypothermia in the setting of acute stroke.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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