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Results Probl Cell Differ. 2011;53:473-527. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-19065-0_20.

Cell cycle regulation during proliferation and differentiation of mammalian muscle precursor cells.

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  • 1Department of Cytology, Institute of Zoology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland.


Proliferation and differentiation of muscle precursor cells are intensively studied not only in the developing mouse embryo but also using models of skeletal muscle regeneration or analyzing in vitro cultured cells. These analyses allowed to show the universality of the cell cycle regulation and also uncovered tissue-specific interplay between major cell cycle regulators and factors crucial for the myogenic differentiation. Examination of the events accompanying proliferation and differentiation leading to the formation of functional skeletal muscle fibers allows understanding the molecular basis not only of myogenesis but also of skeletal muscle regeneration. This chapter presents the basis of the cell cycle regulation in proliferating and differentiating muscle precursor cells during development and after muscle injury. It focuses at major cell cycle regulators, myogenic factors, and extracellular environment impacting on the skeletal muscle.

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