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Can J Microbiol. 1990 Apr;36(4):249-53.

Carbon dioxide induces endotrophic germ tube formation in Candida albicans.

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Department of Microbiology, Layola University, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL 60153.


Candida albicans formed germ tubes when exposed to air containing 5 to 15% carbon dioxide (CO2). The CO2-mediated germ tube formation occurred optimally at 37 degrees C in a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. No germ tubes were produced at 25 degrees C, even when the optimal concentration of CO2 (10%) was present in the environment. The requirement of CO2 for germ tube formation could be partially substituted by sodium bicarbonate but not by N2. Carbon dioxide was required to be present throughout the entire course of germ tube emergence suggesting that its role is not limited to an initial triggering of morphogenic change. We suggest that carbon dioxide may be a common effector responsible for the germ tube promoting activity of certain chemical inducers for C. albicans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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