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J Nutr Health Aging. 2011 Jun;15(6):456-60.

The effect of caloric restriction and glycemic load on measures of oxidative stress and antioxidants in humans: results from the CALERIE Trial of Human Caloric Restriction.

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USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA.


Decreasing oxidative stress and increasing antioxidant defense has been hypothesized as one mechanism by which caloric restriction (CR) increases longevity in animals. A total of 46 moderately overweight volunteers (BMI: 25-30 kg/m2), ages 20-42 yr were randomized to either high glycemic (HG) or low glycemic (LG) dietary load CR regimen at either 10% (n=12) or 30% (n=34) of basal caloric intake. All food was provided to participants for 6 mo. Overall, after controlling for CR levels and dietary regimen for 6 mo, plasma glutathione peroxidase activity increased (p=0.04) and plasma protein carbonyl levels decreased (p=0.02) and a non-significant decrease in plasma 8-epi-prostaglandin F2α level was observed (p=0.09). No significant change was observed in other plasma antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase and catalase. These findings indicate that short term CR (10% or 30%) in moderately overweight subjects modulates some but not all measures of antioxidant defense and oxidative stress.

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