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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Sep;301(3):H1025-32. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.01276.2010. Epub 2011 May 27.

Aerobic exercise reverses arterial inflammation with aging in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA. Lisa.Lesniewski@utah.edu

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that regular aerobic exercise reverses arterial inflammation with aging. When compared with young controls (6.2 ± 0.4 mo; n = 7), old (31.3 ± 0.5 mo; n = 11) male B6D2F1 cage-restricted mice demonstrated increased arterial activation of the proinflammatory transcription factor NF-κB, as indicated by greater aortic phosphorylation of both the inhibitor of NF-κB kinase (IKK) and the p65 subunit of NF-κB (both P < 0.05). Similarly, aortic expression of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1 and IL-6, IFN-γ, and TNF-α were greater in the old mice (all P < 0.05). Macrophage and T lymphocyte abundance was unchanged with age in the aortic intima and media but was markedly increased in the adventitia and perivascular fat tissue of old mice (all P < 0.05). This proinflammatory arterial phenotype with aging was associated with vascular dysfunction, as reflected by impaired nitric oxide-mediated endothelium-dependent dilation. Voluntary wheel running (10-14 wk) normalized aortic IKK-NF-κB activation, cytokine expression, adventitial and perivascular macrophage infiltration, and vascular function in old mice (32.4 ± 0.3 mo; n = 8) while having no consistent effects in young mice. Short-term voluntary wheel running started late in life reverses arterial inflammation with aging in mice possibly via outside-in actions. These anti-inflammatory effects may play an important role in the amelioration of age-associated vascular dysfunction by regular aerobic exercise.

PMID:
21622824
PMCID:
PMC3191071
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.01276.2010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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