Send to

Choose Destination
J Invertebr Pathol. 2011 Jul;107(3):234-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2011.05.016. Epub 2011 May 20.

Nosema ceranae in drone honey bees (Apis mellifera).

Author information

Department of Entomology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.


Nosema ceranae is a microsporidian intracellular parasite of honey bees, Apis mellifera. Previously Nosema apis was thought to be the only cause of nosemosis, but it has recently been proposed that N. ceranae is displacing N. apis. The rapid spread of N. ceranae could be due to additional transmission mechanisms, as well as higher infectivity. We analyzed drones for N. ceranae infections using duplex qPCR with species specific primers and probes. We found that both immature and mature drones are infected with N. ceranae at low levels. This is the first report detecting N. ceranae in immature bees. Our data suggest that because drones are known to drift from their parent hives to other hives, they could provide a means for disease spread within and between apiaries.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center