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J Foot Ankle Surg. 2011 Sep-Oct;50(5):603-6. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2011.04.020. Epub 2011 May 31.

Nodular excision for painful localized Achilles tendon xanthomas in type II hyperlipoproteinemia: a case report.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.


Achilles tendon xanthomas are often associated with type II hyperlipoproteinemia, in which low-density lipoprotein derived from the circulation accumulates in the tendons. Sometimes coronary artery disease can jeopardize the life of the patient if the condition is neglected. We describe the case of bilateral painful Achilles tendon xanthomas in a heterozygous type II hyperlipoproteinemia family. Her symptoms were not alleviated despite anti-inflammatory medication and eccentric exercise for 6 months. She was treated with nodular excision of the xanthomas bilaterally and then with postoperative statins to avoid recurrence.

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