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Eur J Med Genet. 2011 Jul-Aug;54(4):e446-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2011.04.007. Epub 2011 May 6.

Hexasomy of the Prader-Willi/Angelman critical region, including the OCA2 gene, in a patient with pigmentary dysplasia: case report.

Author information

1
Charles Nicolle Hospital, Department of Congenital and Hereditary Diseases, Tunis, Tunisia. Kraoua_lilia@yahoo.fr

Abstract

Derivatives of chromosome 15, often referred to as inv dup(15), represent the most common supernumerary marker chromosome (SMC). SMC(15)s can be classified into two major groups according to their length: small SMC(15) and large ones. Depending on the amount of euchromatin, the carriers may either present with a normal phenotype or with a recognizable syndrome. Here we describe a patient with severe mental retardation, epilepsy, dysmorphic features and pigmentary dysplasia. His karyotype was 47,XY,+mar[41]/46,XY[9]. Chromosomal fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) showed the SMC to be originating from chromosome 15, dicentric and containing four copies of the Prader-Willi/Angelman Syndrome Critical Region (PWACR), including the OCA2 gene. Molecular studies indicated that it is maternally derived. This report supports the previous observations assuming that severity of phenotype in patients with SMC(15) depends on the dosage of the PWACR and that skin pigmentation is correlated to OCA2 gene copy number.

PMID:
21621018
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejmg.2011.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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