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J Proteomics. 2011 Sep 6;74(10):1934-49. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2011.05.016. Epub 2011 May 15.

Response to biotic and oxidative stress in Arabidopsis thaliana: analysis of variably phosphorylated proteins.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Protein phosphorylation plays a pivotal role in the regulation of many cellular events; increasing evidences indicate that this post-translational modification is involved in plant response to various abiotic and biotic stresses. Since phosphorylated proteins may be present at low abundance, enrichment methods are generally required for their analysis. We here describe the quantitative changes of phosphoproteins present in Arabidopsis thaliana leaves after challenging with elicitors or treatments mimicking biotic stresses, which stimulate basal resistance responses, or oxidative stress. Phosphoproteins from elicited and control plants were enriched by means of metal oxide affinity chromatography and resolved by 2D electrophoresis. A comparison of the resulting proteomic maps highlighted phosphoproteins showing quantitative variations induced by elicitor treatment; these components were identified by MALDI-TOF peptide mass fingerprinting and/or nanoLC-ESI-LIT-MS/MS experiments. In total, 97 differential spots, representing 75 unique candidate phosphoproteins, were characterized. They are representative of different protein functional groups, such as energy and carbon metabolism, response to oxidative and abiotic stresses, defense, protein synthesis, RNA processing and cell signaling. Ascertained protein phosphorylation found a positive confirmation in available Arabidopsis phosphoproteome database. The role of each identified phosphoprotein is here discussed in relation to plant defense mechanisms. Our results suggest a partial overlapping of the responses to different treatments, as well as a communication with key cellular functions by imposed stresses.

PMID:
21619950
DOI:
10.1016/j.jprot.2011.05.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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