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J Cell Physiol. 2012 Apr;227(4):1391-8. doi: 10.1002/jcp.22852.

Attenuation of microRNA-22 derepressed PTEN to effectively protect rat cardiomyocytes from hypertrophy.

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Department of Cardiology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.


Cardiac hypertrophy, which is characterized by the enlargement of cell size, reactivation of fetal genes, remains one of the most important triggers to heart failure. Increasing evidence shows that microRNA (miRNA) is extensively involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy. But the effects of miRNAs on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy have not been completely solved yet. Here, we showed that a collection of miRNAs was aberrantly expressed in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes induced by phenylephrine (PE) or angiotensin II (Ang II). Among them, miR-22 was the most strikingly up-regulated miRNA. To investigate the role of miR-22 in hypertrophy, both over-expression and knock-down assays were performed on cardiomyocytes. The results showed that up-regulation of miR-22 significantly increased the cell size and markedly influenced the expression of hypertrophic markers, including induction of nppa and reduction of myh6. In contrast, reduction of miR-22 level attenuated either PE- or Ang II-induced hypertrophic reaction. Furthermore, several genes, including PTEN, were identified as potential targets of miR-22 by bioinformatic algorithms. Using luciferase analysis, miR-22 could significantly suppress the luciferase activity of reporter fused with 3' untranslated region of PTEN mRNA. Furthermore, up-regulation of miR-22 could suppress the protein level of PTEN and reduction of miR-22 level markedly increased the protein level of PTEN in cardiomyocytes by Western blot analysis, suggesting that the contribution of miR-22 to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy may be partially through targeting PTEN. Taken together, miRNAs were dynamically regulated in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and attenuation of miR-22 in rat cardiomyocytes efficiently protected from hypertrophic effects through derepressing PTEN.

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