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Transplantation. 2011 Jun 15;91(11):1218-26. doi: 10.1097/TP.0b013e318218e901.

Early and late acute antibody-mediated rejection differ immunologically and in response to proteasome inhibition.

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Division of Transplantation, Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0558, USA.



The efficacy of plasma cell targeted therapies for antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) has not been defined in detail. The purpose of this study was to compare early and late acute AMR in terms of immunologic characteristics and responses with proteasome inhibitor (PI) therapy.


Renal transplant recipients with acute AMR were treated with PI-based regimens. Early acute AMR was defined as occurring within 6 months posttransplant. Immunodominant donor-specific antibody (iDSA) was defined as the DSA with the highest level.


Results are expressed as early or late acute AMR. Thirty AMR episodes (13 early, 17 late) were treated in 12 and 16 patients. Early but not late AMR was associated with presensitization. Late AMR iDSA levels were higher, and specificities were primarily class II (DQ being most frequent). Early AMR patients demonstrated greater reduction in iDSA at 7, 14, and 30 days and at the posttreatment nadir (81.5%+21.2% vs. 51.4%+27.6%; P<0.01). Early AMR patients were more likely to demonstrate histologic resolution/improvement (87.5% vs. 53.8%; P=0.13). Both groups demonstrated significant improvement in renal function.


Early and late AMR exhibit distinct immunologic characteristics and respond differently to PI therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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