Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes. 2011 Jun;60(6):1716-25. doi: 10.2337/db10-1229.

IL-13Rα1 expression on β-cell-specific T cells in NOD mice.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Immunotherapy using peptides from the β-cell antigen GAD65 can preserve glucose homeostasis in diabetes-prone NOD mice; however, the precise mechanisms that arrest islet-reactive T cells remain unresolved. Our previous work revealed that a dominant GAD65 epitope contained two overlapping I-A(g7)-restricted determinants, 524-538 and 530-543, with the former associated with amelioration of hyperglycemia. Here, we sought to discover whether p524-538-specific T cells could directly regulate islet-reactive T cells.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Prediabetic NOD mice were used to determine the relationship between peptide p524-538-induced interleukin (IL)-13 and regulation of islet autoimmunity. Pancreatic lymph node (PLN) cells from mice at distinct stages of islet inflammation, peri-insulitis versus invasive insulitis, were harvested to establish the expression pattern of IL-13 receptor α1 (IL-13Rα1) on islet-associated T cells.

RESULTS:

Peptide p524-538 preferentially induced IL-13-producing T cells that antagonized the release of γ-interferon by spontaneously arising GAD65 autoimmunity, and recombinant human IL-13 inhibited proliferation of islet-reactive clonotypic T cells. A subset of CD4(+) T cells in NOD and NOD.BDC2.5 T cell receptor transgenic mice expressed functional IL-13Rα1, which induced phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 in the presence of cognate cytokine. Notably, the number of IL-13Rα1(+) T cells was heightened in the PLN of young NOD mice when compared with older female counterparts with advanced insulitis. Immunization with p524-538 preserved IL-13Rα1 expression on PLN T cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

IL-13 may be important for regulating autoimmunity in the early stages of insulitis, and the loss of IL-13Rα1 on islet-reactive T cells may be a biomarker for fading regional immune regulation and progression to overt diabetes.

PMID:
21617187
PMCID:
PMC3114389
DOI:
10.2337/db10-1229
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center