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Addiction. 2011 Nov;106(11):1925-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03507.x. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

Housewife or working mum--each to her own? The relevance of societal factors in the association between social roles and alcohol use among mothers in 16 industrialized countries.

Author information

1
Addiction Info Switzerland, Research Institute, Lausanne, Switzerland. skuntsche@addiction-info.ch

Abstract

AIMS:

To investigate whether differences in gender-income equity at country level explain national differences in the links between alcohol use, and the combination of motherhood and paid labour.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional data in 16 established market economies participating in the Gender, Alcohol and Culture: An International Study (GenACIS) study.

SETTING:

Population surveys.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 12,454 mothers (aged 25-49 years).

MEASUREMENTS:

Alcohol use was assessed as the quantity per drinking day. Paid labour, having a partner, gender-income ratio at country level and the interaction between individual and country characteristics were regressed on alcohol consumed per drinking day using multi-level modelling.

FINDINGS:

Mothers with a partner who were in paid labour reported consuming more alcohol on drinking days than partnered housewives. In countries with high gender-income equity, mothers with a partner who were in paid labour drank less alcohol per occasion, while alcohol use was higher among working partnered mothers living in countries with lower income equity.

CONCLUSION:

In countries which facilitate working mothers, daily alcohol use decreases as female social roles increase; in contrast, in countries where there are fewer incentives for mothers to remain in work, the protective effect of being a working mother (with partner) on alcohol use is weaker. These data suggest that a country's investment in measures to improve the compatibility of motherhood and paid labour may reduce women's alcohol use.

PMID:
21615581
PMCID:
PMC3189286
DOI:
10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03507.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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