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Protein Cell. 2011 May;2(5):358-68. doi: 10.1007/s13238-011-1046-x. Epub 2011 May 26.

Thyroid hormone action in metabolic regulation.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

Thyroid hormone plays pivotal roles in growth, differentiation, development and metabolic homeostasis via thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) by controlling the expression of TR target genes. The transcriptional activity of TRs is modulated by multiple factors including various TR isoforms, diverse thyroid hormone response elements, different heterodimeric partners, coregulators, and the cellular location of TRs. In the present review, we summarize recent advance in understanding the molecular mechanisms of thyroid hormone action obtained from human subject research, thyroid hormone mimetics application, TR isoform-specific knock-in mouse models, and mitochondrion study with highlights in metabolic regulations. Finally, as future perspectives, we share our thoughts about current challenges and possible approaches to promote our knowledge of thyroid hormone action in metabolism.

PMID:
21614672
PMCID:
PMC4875336
DOI:
10.1007/s13238-011-1046-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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