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J Invest Dermatol. 2011 Sep;131(9):1916-26. doi: 10.1038/jid.2011.134. Epub 2011 May 26.

Keratinocyte apoptosis in epidermal remodeling and clearance of psoriasis induced by UV radiation.

Author information

1
Dermatological Sciences, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University Medical School, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Abstract

Psoriasis is a common chronic skin disorder, but the mechanisms involved in the resolution and clearance of plaques remain poorly defined. We investigated the mechanism of action of UVB, which is highly effective in clearing psoriasis and inducing remission, and tested the hypothesis that apoptosis is a key mechanism. To distinguish bystander effects, equal erythemal doses of two UVB wavelengths were compared following in vivo irradiation of psoriatic plaques; one is clinically effective (311  nm) and one has no therapeutic effect on psoriasis (290  nm). Only 311  nm UVB induced significant apoptosis in lesional epidermis, and most apoptotic cells were keratinocytes. To determine clinical relevance, we created a computational model of psoriatic epidermis. Modeling predicted apoptosis would occur in both stem and transit-amplifying cells to account for plaque clearance; this was confirmed and quantified experimentally. The median rate of keratinocyte apoptosis from onset to cell death was 20  minutes. These data were fed back into the model and demonstrated that the observed level of keratinocyte apoptosis was sufficient to explain UVB-induced plaque resolution. Our human studies combined with a systems biology approach demonstrate that keratinocyte apoptosis is a key mechanism in psoriatic plaques clearance, providing the basis for future molecular investigation and therapeutic development.

PMID:
21614017
PMCID:
PMC3160491
DOI:
10.1038/jid.2011.134
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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