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Microbes Infect. 2011 Sep;13(10):862-70. doi: 10.1016/j.micinf.2011.04.004. Epub 2011 May 12.

A mouse muscle-adapted enterovirus 71 strain with increased virulence in mice.

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  • 1Institute of Laboratory Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, No.5 Panjiayuan Nanli, Chaoyang Dist, Beijing 100021, PR China.

Abstract

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infections can usually cause epidemic hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), and occasionally lead to aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, and polio-like illness. Skeletal muscles have been thought to be crucial for the pathogenesis of EV71-related diseases. However, little is known about the virulence of mouse muscle-adapted EV71. The EV71 0805 were subjected to four passages in the mouse muscle to generate a mouse-adapted EV71 strain of 0805a. In comparison with the parental EV71 0805, the mouse muscle-adapted EV71 0805a displayed stronger cytotoxicity against Rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) cells and more efficient replication in RD cells. Furthermore, infection with the EV71 0805a significantly inhibited the gain of body weight, accompanied by increased muscle virus load and multiple tissue distribution in the infected mouse. Histological examinations indicated that infection with the EV71 0805 did not cause obvious pathogenic lesions in mice, while infection with the muscle-adapted 0805a resulted in severe necrotizing myositis in the skeletal and cardio muscles, and intestinitis in mice on day 5 post infection. Further analysis revealed many mutations in different regions of the genome of mouse muscle-adapted virus. Collectively, these data demonstrated the mouse muscle-adapted EV71 0805a with increased virulence in mice.

PMID:
21612764
DOI:
10.1016/j.micinf.2011.04.004
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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