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Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011 Sep;11(9):1279-83. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2010.0208. Epub 2011 May 25.

The pathogenic potential of different pulsed-field gel electrophoresis types of Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from food in Northeast Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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1
Faculty of Science, University of Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. snjezanahodzic@untz.ba

Abstract

Listeria monocytogenes is often present in meat and meat products that are sold in the area of northeast Bosnia and Herzegovina. The major objective of this study was to examine the virulence of L. monocytogenes strains isolated from these types of food in that geographic area. Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect eight genes responsible for virulence of this pathogen, namely, prfA, inlA, inlB, hly, plcA, plcB, actA, and mpl. All examined isolates were confirmed to possess the eight virulence genes. Ten different pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) macrorestriction profiles were recognized among 19 L. monocytogenes strains after restriction with two different endonucleases (ApaI and AscI). The pathogenicity of three different PFGE types of L. monocytogenes was confirmed through in vivo tests, which were performed on female white mice (Pasteur strain), and it ranged from 3.55 × 10(8) LD50 to 1.58 × 10(10) LD50. All of the three different PFGE types of L. monocytogenes were regarded as moderately virulent in relation to the reference strain L. monocytogenes Scott A. This result might be one of the reasons for the absence of reported listeriosis in northeast Bosnia and Herzegovina, despite the high degree of food contamination with this pathogen.

PMID:
21612523
DOI:
10.1089/vbz.2010.0208
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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