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Mov Disord. 2011 Sep;26(11):2065-72. doi: 10.1002/mds.23771. Epub 2011 May 24.

Randomized polysomnography study of gabapentin enacarbil in subjects with restless legs syndrome.

Author information

1
Brigham and Women's Hospital Sleep Health Center, Brighton, Massachusetts, USA. jwwinkelman@partners.org

Abstract

We assessed the efficacy and tolerability of gabapentin enacarbil in the treatment of moderate to severe primary restless legs syndrome and associated sleep disturbance. This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-period crossover polysomnography study of gabapentin enacarbil 1200 mg or placebo taken once daily. Subjects were randomized 1:1 to a sequence of gabapentin enacarbil:placebo or placebo:gabapentin enacarbil, receiving each treatment for 4 weeks. The primary end point was the mean change from baseline at weeks 4 and 10 (4/10) last observation carried forward in wake time during sleep. The key secondary end point was the mean change from baseline at weeks 4/10 last observation carried forward in periodic limb movements associated with arousal per hour of sleep. Tolerability assessments included adverse events. One hundred thirty-six subjects were randomized (gabapentin enacarbil:placebo, 67; placebo:gabapentin enacarbil, 69), and 114 (gabapentin enacarbil:placebo, 53; placebo:gabapentin enacarbil, 61) completed the study. Gabapentin enacarbil 1200 mg significantly reduced wake time during sleep (mean change from baseline [adjusted mean treatment difference]: -26.0 minutes; P < .0001) and periodic limb movements associated with arousal per hour of sleep (adjusted mean treatment difference: -3.1 periodic limb movements with arousal/hour; P = .002) compared with placebo at weeks 4/10 last observation carried forward. The most commonly reported adverse events were dizziness (gabapentin enacarbil 20%, placebo 2%) and somnolence (gabapentin enacarbil 13%, placebo 2%). Gabapentin enacarbil 1200 mg once daily significantly reduces restless legs syndrome-associated sleep disturbance and periodic limb movements associated with arousal per hour of sleep and is generally well tolerated in adults with moderate to severe primary restless legs syndrome.

PMID:
21611981
DOI:
10.1002/mds.23771
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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