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Obes Surg. 2012 Jan;22(1):119-23. doi: 10.1007/s11695-011-0448-4.

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a novel and effective treatment for obesity in patients with chronic kidney disease.

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1
Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, UK. helen.maclaughlin@nhs.net

Abstract

Obesity increases the risk of progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) towards kidney failure and may preclude access to kidney transplantation. Weight loss surgery remains relatively novel in obese patients with CKD, with several studies reporting results using Roux-en-Y bypass and adjustable gastric banding. However, in obese patients with CKD, kidney failure after bypass surgery and gastric band erosion after kidney transplantation have been reported. We present the first report of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) performed for the treatment of obesity in patients with CKD. Weight loss, blood pressure and lipids, estimated kidney function, surgical complications and adverse events were studied. Nine obese patients with CKD (five of whom were undergoing haemodialysis treatment) underwent LSG, with median body mass index decrease of 8.4 kg/m(2) and excess weight loss of 43.0% after 6 months. Four of the five patients on haemodialysis were added to the kidney transplantation waiting list as a result of weight loss achieved with LSG. Adverse events occurred in three patients: myocardial infarction (one patient), acute kidney injury secondary to dehydration (one patient) and compromised dialysis access (one patient). There was one complication-a gastric leak, detected 7 months after LSG, requiring further surgical intervention and nasojejunal feeding, and no mortality. Our preliminary evidence suggests that LSG is an effective treatment for obesity in patients with CKD. However, there may be additional risk associated with the procedure in patients with CKD, requiring further study.

PMID:
21611875
DOI:
10.1007/s11695-011-0448-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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