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Clin Biochem Rev. 2011 May;32(2):75-9.

Methods of Estimating GFR - Different Equations Including CKD-EPI.

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Clinical Biochemistry Unit, Canterbury Health Laboratories, Christchurch 8011.


The initiative for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR) derives from the limitations of interpreting plasma creatinine alone, the cost and complexities of determining a gold standard GFR with either inulin or radionuclides, and the inaccuracies inherent in measuring a 24 h urine creatinine clearance. In August 2005, the Australasian Creatinine Consensus Working Group recommended that an eGFR based on the abbreviated MDRD (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease) formula shall be automatically calculated for every request for creatinine in people over 18 years. Uptake was almost universal, though with appropriate caveats in place regarding potential limitations. Updated recommendations in 2007 recognised uniform standardisation of the plasma creatinine assay. A recent development is the CKD-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation which confers less underestimation of GFR in subjects with normal renal function. Cystatin C and its derivative equations may have advantages in some situations.

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