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Vaccine. 2011 Jul 18;29(32):5232-7. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.05.020. Epub 2011 May 24.

Barriers to implementation of the new targeted BCG vaccination in France: a cross sectional study.

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Département de Médecine Générale, UPMC Univ Paris 06, 27 rue de Chaligny, 75571 Paris cedex 12, France.


The aim of the study was to assess factors influencing BCG vaccination among targeted children after the end of universal and mandatory BCG vaccination in France. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009 among general practitioners (GPs) of the French Sentinel Network. With the participation of 358 physician-investigators, 920 children were included. Of the 261 children (31%) identified to be at risk of tuberculosis, only 113 (44%) were vaccinated. The median number of French criteria for BCG vaccination correctly cited by the GPs was 3 of the existing 6. Of the 10 proposed, a median number of 5 regions in the world according to their level of tuberculosis risk were correctly classified by GPs. After adjustment using an alternating logistic model, 7 variables were found to be associated with the immunisation status of the target population. Six of these increased the probability of being vaccinated: children older than 6 months (OR=3.4 (CI 95% [1.4-8.6])), residents in central Paris or its suburbs (OR=14.7 [4.4-49.5]), children expected to travel to highly endemic regions (OR=3.5 [1.4-8.6]), those living in unfavourable conditions (OR=19.9 [6.2-63.9]), the GP's good knowledge of vaccination guidelines (OR=1.4 [1.1-1.9]) and the GP's perception of tuberculosis as a common disease (OR=2.2 [1.1-4.5]). Surprisingly, GPs with university training on infectious diseases tended to be more reluctant to follow vaccination guidelines (OR=0.14 [0.1-0.4]). Actions targeted at these factors could contribute to improving BCG immunisation coverage.

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