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Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis. 2011 Jun;5(3):169-78. doi: 10.1177/1753944711409615. Epub 2011 May 23.

Combined aliskiren-amlodipine treatment for hypertension in African Americans: clinical science and management issues.

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Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, 462 Grider Street, Buffalo, NY 14215, USA.


While it may seem at first that antihypertensive drug combinations run counter to the desire to 'personalize' the management of hypertension, the best combinations have predictable efficacy in different individuals and subpopulations. Race is probably not a valid surrogate for clinically meaningful genetic variation or guide to therapy. Most guidelines suggest similar blood pressure goals for different races but drug treatment recommendations have diverged. In the United States, race is not considered to be a major factor in drug choice, but in England and other countries, initial therapy with renin-angiotensin system blocking drugs is not recommended in Blacks. In this review we: (1) examine new trends in race-based research; (2) emphasize the weaknesses of race-based treatment recommendations; and (3) explore the effects of a new combination, renin inhibition (aliskiren) and amlodipine, in African Americans.

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