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Cancer Epidemiol. 2012 Apr;36(2):106-15. doi: 10.1016/j.canep.2011.04.007. Epub 2011 May 24.

Cyclin D1 (CCND1) G870A gene polymorphism is an ethnicity-dependent risk factor for digestive tract cancers: a meta-analysis comprising 20,271 subjects.

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Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.


Published data on the association between Cyclin D1 (CCND1) G870A gene polymorphism and digestive tract cancers (DTC) are inconclusive. We carried out a meta-analysis of published case-control studies to derive a more precise estimation of the association. Relevant studies were identified from PubMed, EMBASE, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure up to February 1st, 2011. Crude odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to investigate the strength of the association. Data were available from a total of 33 case-control studies with 8534 cases and 11,737 controls. The combined results based on all studies showed that there was a statistically significant link between CCND1 G870A polymorphism and DTC risk (GG vs. AA: OR=0.83, 95%CI=0.71-0.96). In the analysis of ethnic groups, we found the A allele carriers had a significantly increased DTC susceptibility among Caucasians, but not among Asians. When stratified for tumor location, the results based on all studies only showed the variant allele 870A might have a significantly increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), especially of rectal cancer (GG vs. AA: OR=0.71, 95%CI=0.58-0.89). When stratifying by the stage and histological differentiation of CRC, we only observed that patients had a significantly higher frequency of CCND1 870 AA than non-cancer patients among Caucasians. The A allele carriers (hetero- or homozygotes) were significantly more common in cases with a family history of CRC than in controls. There was no evidence of publication bias for CCND1 G870A polymorphism with DTC risk. In summary, this meta-analysis demonstrates that the CCND1 G870A polymorphism may be an ethnicity-dependent risk factor for DTC. And this genetic variant may increase the risk of rectal cancer, but not colon cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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