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Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2011 Oct;34(10):1251-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8159.2011.03137.x. Epub 2011 May 23.

Predictors of unusual ECG characteristics in cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter ablation.

Author information

1
San Francisco, California San Diego, CA 94143–1354, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

An unusual 12-lead electrocardiographic pattern may be present in patients with cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent flutter.

OBJECTIVE:

 Using baseline patient characteristics and echocardiography, we sought to study predictors of unusual electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics in patients with CTI-dependent atrial flutter.

METHODS:

 This was a dual-center, retrospective cohort study of 147 patients undergoing electrophysiology study and ablation for CTI-dependent atrial flutter.

RESULTS:

Among this cohort, 23 patients (16%) had unusual 12-lead ECG characteristics. Using multivariate logistic regression, we found two clinical predictors for having an unusual ECG pattern. A clockwise (CW) pattern at time of electrophysiology study was the strongest predictor of an unusual ECG pattern (odds ratio 15.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.0-59.4, P < 0.005). In addition, patients with decreased systolic function had a 3.5 greater odds (95% CI 1.1-11.5, P = 0.037) of having an unusual ECG pattern.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data demonstrate that among patients suffering from CTI-dependent atrial flutter who are referred for ablation, 16% will have unusual ECG patterns. Patients with CW atrial activation and left ventricle dysfunction have greater odds of manifesting unusual patterns by surface electrocardiogram.

PMID:
21605144
PMCID:
PMC3395429
DOI:
10.1111/j.1540-8159.2011.03137.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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