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Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1990 Apr;371(4):307-16.

Influence of sialic acids on the galactose-recognizing receptor of rat peritoneal macrophages.

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1
Biochemisches Institut, Universit├Ąt zu Kiel.

Abstract

The interaction of the galactose-recognizing receptor from rat peritoneal macrophages with ligands containing terminal galactose residues, such as asialoorosomucoid, desialylated erythrocytes or lymphocytes, can be inhibited by free N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and oligosaccharides or glycoproteins containing this sugar in terminal position. This effect of Neu5Ac on the receptor is specific. The other naturally occurring or most of synthetic neuraminic acid derivatives tested do not exhibit an equivalent inhibitory potency as Neu5Ac. Although free Neu5Ac inhibits 5-fold stronger (K50 = 0.2mM) than free galactose, clustering of Neu5Ac in oligosaccharides and glycoproteins does not lead to stronger inhibition, which is in contrast to galactose-containing ligands. A more branched (triantennary) sialooligosaccharide inhibits less than biantennary and unbranched sialooligosaccharides. This may be the reason, why complex sialic acid-containing ligands like native orosomucoid or blood cells are not bound and internalized by the macrophages. The dissociation of asialoorosomucoid from the receptor is slow under the influence of Neu5Ac and requires relatively high concentrations of this sugar, whereas the dissociation mediated by galactose is rapid and requires lower concentrations. An allosteric influence of Neu5Ac on the binding of galactose by the receptor is discussed.

PMID:
2160250
DOI:
10.1515/bchm3.1990.371.1.307
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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