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Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2011 Jun;40(2):355-72, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2011.03.005.

Hepatitis B in pregnancy: challenges and treatment.

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The Alpert Medical School, Department of Medicine, 97 Waterman Street, Providence, RI 02912, USA.


Hepatitis B virus (HBV) during pregnancy presents unique management challenges. Varying aspects of care must be considered, including the effects of HBV on maternal and fetal health, effects of pregnancy on the course of HBV infection, treatment of HBV during and after pregnancy, and prevention of perinatal infection. Antiretroviral therapy has not been associated with increased risk of birth defects or toxicity, but despite studies designed to elucidate the drug efficacy and safety in affected individuals and the developing fetus, recommendations are inconclusive. Clinicians and patients must make individualized decisions after carefully evaluating the risks and benefits summarized in this article.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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