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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 Jun 10;409(3):506-12. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.05.035. Epub 2011 May 11.

Downregulation of cPLA2γ expression inhibits EGF-induced chemotaxis of human breast cancer cells through Akt pathway.

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Tianjin Medical University, Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin 300060, China.


Phospholipids play an important role in mediating cell migration. In the present study, we investigated the role of cPLA(2)γ in chemotaxis of human breast cancer cells. Inhibition of cPLA(2)γ expression by small interference RNA severely inhibits EGF-induced chemotaxis in a dose-dependent manner in MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, T47D and ZR-75-30 cells. Furthermore, silencing cPLA(2)γ expression also impaired directional migration, adhesion and invasion in MDA-MB-231 cells. In addition, we investigated the molecular mechanism by which cPLA(2)γ regulated migration. Knockdown of cPLA(2)γ suppressed the phosphorylation of Akt at both Thr308 and Ser473. Phosphorylation of PKCζ, downstream of Akt, was also dampened. Knockdown of cPLA(2)γ also impaired the phosphorylation of integrin β1 and cofilin, key regulators of cell adhesion and actin polymerization, respectively. Taken together, our results suggest that cPLA(2)γ plays an important role in cancer cell chemotaxis.

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