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Cell Immunol. 2011;270(1):70-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cellimm.2011.04.004. Epub 2011 Apr 23.

Kiwifruit extracts inhibit cytokine production by lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages, and intestinal epithelial cells isolated from IL10 gene deficient mice.

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  • 1Food Innovation, The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Ltd, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. shelley.edmunds@gmail.com

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract involving an inappropriate immune response to commensal microorganisms in a genetically susceptible host. This study examined the effects of aqueous and ethyl acetate extracts of gold kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) or green kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) using in vitro models of IBD. These models comprised primary macrophages and intestinal epithelial cells isolated from C57BL/5J and interleukin-10 gene deficient (Il10(-/-)) mice and RAW 264.7, a murine macrophage-like cell line. All four kiwifruit extracts reduced the activation of these models after lipopolysaccharide stimulation, decreasing nitric oxide and cytokine secretion by both Il10(-/-) and wild-type cells. The ethyl acetate extracts exhibited the highest anti-inflammatory activity, with almost complete suppression of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophage activation. These results suggest that kiwifruit extracts have significant anti-inflammatory activity relevant to IBD. We suggest that the Il10(-/-) mouse is a suitable model for further study of these compounds.

PMID:
21600571
DOI:
10.1016/j.cellimm.2011.04.004
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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