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Infect Genet Evol. 2011 Aug;11(6):1352-60. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2011.04.029. Epub 2011 May 11.

Pseudomonas entomophila and Pseudomonas mendocina: potential models for studying the bacterial type VI secretion system.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208, 71409 Heraklion, Greece. sarrispanos@science.agrool.gr

Abstract

A diversity of molecular translocation mechanisms, including various secretion systems, has been elaborated in host-bacterial interactions. The newly described type VI secretion system (T6SS) appears to be involved in bacterial pathogenesis by acting as a nano-syringe, contributing in translocation of several effector-proteins into the eukaryotic host cell cytoplasm. Recent evidences revealed the involvement of T6SS machinery in inter-bacterial interactions. Several Pseudomonas species are found to harbour multiple and well organised T6SS loci, however, their genomic structural similarities as well as phylogenetic divergence suggest an independent evolution. Until now elementary evidence was provided for the presence of T6SS in the genomes of Pseudomonas entomophila (Pen), an aggressive insect pathogen as well as the human opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas mendocina (Pme). In this report we evidenced by in silico genome mining along with bioinformatic analysis the presence of genes encoding for putative T6SS core components and secreted proteins in the sequenced Pen L48 and Pme ymp, strains and designated their putative promoters, sigma factors binding sites and various regulatory proteins. Moreover, we investigated the phylogenetic relatedness of four T6SS core proteins from these strains with their orthologues from various Pseudomonas species. Our analysis revealed two phylogenetically distinguishable T6SS loci in the genome of Pme that appeared to be highly homologous to Pseudomonas aeruginosa Hcp-Secretion Island-I (HSI-I) and -II. Our findings suggest that Pme could be excellent additional to P. aeruginosa model, for the elucidation of HSI-I and -II biological role(s), avoiding the overlapping activity HSI-III (Lesic et al., 2009), which is missing from Pme's genome. Likewise, our analysis revealed the presence of a unique entire T6SS in Pen genome, which appears to be phylogenetically close to Pme T6SS-II and P. aeruginosa HSI-II. Since Pen lacks the common secretion systems T3SS and T4SS, the single T6SS locus could have an enforced role in the insect-bacterial interactions, providing thus a promising model for studying its biological function.

PMID:
21600307
DOI:
10.1016/j.meegid.2011.04.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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