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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1978 Dec;75(12):5926-30.

Compartmentalization of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases in human erythrocytes.


The human erythrocyte contains two types of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. The membrane-associated protein kinase holoenzyme can be released intact by hypotonic treatment at alkaline pH. Chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and molecular weight determinations demonstrate that this enzyme is a type I cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, while the predominant cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase found in the cytoplasm is type II. The catalytic subunits of the two types of kinase found in the erythrocyte are identical, but the regulatory subunits, which distinguish the two types of kinase, determine their localization within the cell. It is proposed that the regulatory subunit of the type I enzyme, in addition to binding the catalytic subunit, interacts specifically with one or more membrane proteins and that this interaction may serve to position the kinase in preferential proximity to protein substrates.

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