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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2011 May;1225 Suppl 1:E171-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06000.x.

Visualizing myeloarchitecture with magnetic resonance imaging in primates.

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Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.


The pattern of myelination over the cerebral cortex, termed myeloarchitecture, is an established and often-used feature to visualize cortical organization with histology in a variety of primate species. In this paper, we use in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and advanced image processing using surface rendering to visualize and characterize myeloarchitecture in a small nonhuman primate, the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Through images made in four female adult marmosets, we produce a representative 3D map of marmoset myeloarchitecture and flatten and annotate this map to show the location and extent of a variety of major areas of the cortex, including the primary visual, auditory, and somatosensory areas. By treating our MRI data as a surface, we can measure the surface area of cortical areas, and we present these measurements here to summarize cortical organization in the marmoset.

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