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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Jan;31(1):83-91. doi: 10.1007/s10096-011-1280-4. Epub 2011 May 21.

Candida glabrata strain relatedness by new microsatellite markers.

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Department of Molecular Biology Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Magida Boulila Street, Sfax, Tunisia.


We investigated six microsatellite markers to type 85 unrelated and 118 related isolates of Candida glabrata from 36 patients. Three new markers were selected from the complete sequence of CBS138 and three previously described markers, RPM2, MTI and ERG3 were used. We found a genetic diversity of 0.949 by combining four of them. By applying the new microsatellite markers GLM4, GLM5 and GLM6 we were able to discriminate 29 isolates, originally identified by the more established markers, RPM2, MTI and ERG3. When epidemiologically closely related isolates from 36 patients were typed, 25 patients (72%) exhibited identical or highly related multilocus genotypes. We noted a microvariation in 4 of the patients. This minor change of one locus could be explained by a single step mutation. Since one of these patients had not received antifungal treatment; thus, the relationship between genome variation and antifungal therapy remains controversial. We can conclude from our analysis of these new microsatellite markers that they are highly selective and therefore should be considered as a useful typing system for differentiating related and unrelated isolates of C. glabrata, as well as being able to detect microvariation.

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