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Biochemistry. 1990 Jan 23;29(3):623-32.

Role of calcium and calpain in complement-induced vesiculation of the platelet plasma membrane and in the exposure of the platelet factor Va receptor.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Biology Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City 73104.

Abstract

The role of calcium and intracellular calpains in the expression of platelet prothrombinase activity was investigated. Incubation of gel-filtered platelets with complement proteins C5b-9 resulted in alpha-granule and dense granule secretion and exposure of membrane binding sites for coagulation factors Va and Xa. This was accompanied by the release of microparticles from the cell surface that incorporated plasma membrane glycoproteins GP Ib, IIb, and IIIa and the alpha-granule membrane protein GMP-140. Generation of these membrane microparticles was dependent on the presence of extracellular calcium and was accompanied by proteolytic degradation of the cytoskeletal proteins, actin binding protein (ABP), talin, and myosin heavy chain. Microparticle formation was also detected when unstirred platelets were activated by thrombin plus collagen, although proteolysis of ABP, talin, or myosin was not observed. Preincorporation of the calpain inhibitor leupeptin into the platelet cytosol completely blocked C5b-9-induced proteolysis of ABP, talin, and myosin. However, inhibition of this calpain-mediated proteolysis had no effect on platelet secretion, the generation of microparticles, the exposure of membrane sites for factors Va and Xa, or the expression of prothrombinase activity. Furthermore, the microparticles that formed in the presence of leupeptin contained intact ABP, talin, and myosin heavy chain. Prior depletion of ATP with metabolic inhibitors eliminated all platelet responses to thrombin plus collagen, but did not affect C5b-9-induced microparticle formation or exposure of binding sites for factor Va on the microparticles. These data indicate that the formation of microparticles and the expression of platelet prothrombinase activity in response to C5b-9 are dependent upon an influx of calcium into the platelet cytosol, but do not require metabolic energy or calpain-mediated proteolysis of cytoskeletal proteins.

PMID:
2159784
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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