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Am J Physiol. 1990 May;258(5 Pt 2):F1311-9.

Na(+)-H+ exchange, but not Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase, is present in endosome-enriched microsomes from rabbit renal cortex.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.


Previous studies have demonstrated a Na(+)-dependent decrease in the ATP-generated acidification of endosomes and have attributed it to the presence of either a Na(+)-H+ exchanger or a Na(+)-K(+)-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) in parallel with the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase. In the present study we have examined the possibility that both of these two Na+ transporters might be present in endosome-enriched microsomes isolated from rabbit renal cortex. After the establishment of a stable pH gradient by ATP in this preparation, addition of Na+ induced a decrease in the pH gradient. Expression of this effect of Na+ did not require the presence of ATP or K+. Choline and K+ had no effect on the ATP-dependent pH gradient, but addition of Li+ caused a small reduction in the pH gradient. Amiloride, ouabain, and vanadate had no effect on the Na(+)-induced dissipation of the ATP-driven pH gradient. In addition, a pH gradient-dependent 22Na+ uptake by the endosomal vesicles that was insensitive to amiloride, ouabain, or vanadate was demonstrated. These results provide evidence against the presence of a Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase in endosome-enriched microsomes from the renal cortex and support the existence of an amiloride-insensitive Na(+)-H+ exchanger in parallel with the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase. This endosomal Na(+)-H+ exchanger might have important implications for the regulation of vacuolar H(+)-ATPase activity as well as proximal tubule acidification.

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