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Poult Sci. 2011 Jun;90(6):1295-301. doi: 10.3382/ps.2010-01130.

Effects of commercial in ovo injection of carbohydrates on broiler embryogenesis.

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Department of Poultry Science, Mississippi State University, Mississipi State, MS, USA.


The effects of in ovo injection of different carbohydrate solutions on hatchability of fertilized eggs (HF), rate of hatch, BW, body moisture, yolk sac weight, and yolk sac moisture of Ross × 708 broiler chicks, hatched from eggs laid by a 34-wk-old breeder flock, were investigated. Eggs containing live embryos were injected, using an automated multiple-egg injector, in the amnion on d 18.5 of incubation with 0.1, 0.4, 0.7, or 1.0 mL of commercial diluent or a carbohydrate dissolved in diluent. The commercial diluent containing 0.25 g/mL of one of the following carbohydrates was injected into eggs: glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose, or dextrin. The results showed that no carbohydrate type or solution volume affected rate of hatch. Absolute and proportional BW on day of hatch were positively related to injection volume (P < 0.001). However, HF was negatively related to injection volume (P < 0.001). To realize an HF of 90%, the injection volume could not exceed 0.4 mL for fructose or sucrose and could not exceed 0.7 mL for glucose, maltose, or dextrin. Yolk-free BW was negatively related to injection volume of fructose and sucrose (P < 0.004), but was not related to injection volume of diluent, glucose, maltose, and dextrin. Conversely, absolute and proportional yolk sac weights were positively related to injection volume of fructose, sucrose, and dextrin (P < 0.01), but were also not significantly related to injection volume of diluent, glucose, and maltose. Yolk sac moisture was positively related to injection volume for all injectables, including the diluent (P < 0.03). However, body moisture and yolk-free body moisture were not related to injection type or volume. In conclusion, the use of carbohydrates added to a commercial diluent for the in ovo injection of broiler hatching eggs requires the use of appropriate volumes to promote growth and nutrient utilization without adversely affecting HF.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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