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Dis Esophagus. 2011 Nov;24(8):596-600. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2050.2011.01203.x. Epub 2011 May 19.

p53 codon 72 polymorphism and the risk of esophageal cancer: a Korean case-control study.

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1
Department of Preventive Medicine,Yanbian University College of Medicine, Yanji, Jilin Province, China.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess whether p53 codon 72 polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer (EC) in South Korea. We conducted a case-control study including 340 patients with EC, and 1700 controls. P53 codon 72 polymorphism was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The frequencies of p53 codon 72 polymorphisms (Arg/Arg, Arg/Pro, and Pro/Pro) in EC were 39.4%, 45.6%, and 15.0%, respectively; frequencies in the controls were 43.2%, 45.6%, and 11.2%, respectively. Compared with the Arg/Arg genotype, the OR of the Arg/Pro genotype was 1.09 (95% CI = 0.85-1.41) and that of the Pro/Pro genotype was 1.47 (95% CI = 1.02-2.11) for EC overall. When adjusted by age, gender, and smoking status, the OR of the Arg/Pro genotype was 1.24 (95% CI = 0.92-1.67) and that of the Pro/Pro genotype was 1.77 (95% CI = 1.15-2.74) for EC overall. In never-smokers and ever-smokers, the OR of the Arg/Pro genotype was 0.59 (95% CI = 0.37-0.95) and 1.39 (95% CI = 1.00-1.91), respectively, and there was a significant difference in the homogeneity test (P= 0.011). We observed that the p53 codon 72 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of EC in this Korean case-control study, and smoking status modified the association between the p53 codon 72 polymorphism and the risk of EC.

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