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Cytometry A. 2011 Jun;79(6):405-25. doi: 10.1002/cyto.a.21061.

Cytometric assessment of mitochondria using fluorescent probes.

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1
Laboratoire de Bioénergétique Fondamentale et Appliquée, Inserm U1055, Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble, France. Cecile.Cottet@ujf-grenoble.fr

Abstract

Mitochondria are most important organelles in the survival of eukaryotic aerobic cells because they are the primary producers of ATP, regulators of ion homeostasis or redox state, and producers of free radicals. The key role of mitochondria in the generation of primordial ATP for the survival and proliferation of eukaryotic cells has been proven by extensive biochemical studies. In this context, it is crucial to understand the complexity of the mitochondrial compartment and its functionality and to develop experimental tools allowing the assessment of its nature and its function and metabolism. This review covers the role of the mitochondria in the cell, focusing on its structure, the mechanism of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, the maintenance of the transmembrane potential and the production of reactive oxygen species. The main probes used for mitochondrial compartment monitoring are described. In addition, various applications using mitochondrial-specific probes are detailed to illustrate the potential of flow and image cytometry in the study of the mitochondrial compartment. This review contains a panel of tools to explore mitochondria and to help researchers design experiments, determine the approach to be employed, and interpret their results.

PMID:
21595013
DOI:
10.1002/cyto.a.21061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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