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Organogenesis. 2011 Apr-Jun;7(2):116-22. doi: 10.4161/org.7.2.16284. Epub 2011 Apr 1.

Potential applications of germline cell-derived pluripotent stem cells in organ regeneration.

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University of Turin, Italy.


Impressive progress has been made since the turn of the century in the field of stem cells. Different types of stem cells have now been isolated from different types of tissues. Pluripotent stem cells are the most promising cell source for organ regeneration. One such cell type is the germline cell-derived pluripotent cell, which is derived from adult spermatogonial stem cells. The germline cell-derived pluripotent stem cells have been obtained from both human and mouse and, importantly, are adult stem cells with embryonic stem cell-like properties that do not require specific manipulations for pluripotency acquisition, hence bypassing problems related to induced pluripotent stem cells and embryonic stem cells. The germline cell-derived pluripotent stem cells have been induced to differentiate into cells deriving from the three germ layers and shown to be functional in vitro. This review will discuss the plasticity of the germline cell-derived pluripotent stem cells and their potential applications in human organ regeneration, with special emphasis on liver regeneration. Potential problems related to their use are also highlighted.

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