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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 May 2;1052(2):299-305.

Continuous phosphorylation of both the 47 and the 49 kDa proteins occurs during superoxide production by neutrophils.

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Department of Cell Physiology, Boston Biomedical Research Institute, MA 02114.


Neutrophils stimulated with 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate release large quantities of superoxide (O2-) and exhibit an intense phosphorylation of two proteins with molecular masses of approx. 47 and 49 kDa. Treatment of unstimulated cells with antagonists of protein kinase C (e.g., staurosporine; 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7)) is known to inhibit both of these phenomena upon stimulation. These antagonists of PKC also cause a rapid cessation of O2- release when added to cells that are already stimulated. In this paper, we report that the addition of staurosporine or H-7 to stimulated neutrophils resulted in a rapid loss of 32P from both the 47 and the 49 kDa phosphoprotein bands, as detected by autoradiography. This suggests that these two proteins may be regulated by a continual cycle of phosphorylation and dephosphorylation in the stimulated cell, with the phosphorylation reactions predominating, or undergo a rapid degradation subsequent to phosphorylation. Either explanation is consistent with the view that protein kinase C activity is necessary to both initiate and maintain O2- production in neutrophils stimulated with tumor promoters.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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