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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2011 Oct;301(4):C850-61. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00412.2010. Epub 2011 May 18.

Differential modulation of the molecular dynamics of the type IIa and IIc sodium phosphate cotransporters by parathyroid hormone.

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  • 1Laboratory for Fluorescence Dynamics, University of California, Irvine, USA.


The kidney is a key regulator of phosphate homeostasis. There are two predominant renal sodium phosphate cotransporters, NaPi2a and NaPi2c. Both are regulated by parathyroid hormone (PTH), which decreases the abundance of the NaPi cotransporters in the apical membrane of renal proximal tubule cells. The time course of PTH-induced removal of the two cotransporters from the apical membrane, however, is markedly different for NaPi2a compared with NaPi2c. In animals and in cell culture, PTH treatment results in almost complete removal of NaPi2a from the brush border (BB) within 1 h whereas for NaPi2c this process in not complete until 4 to 8 h after PTH treatment. The reason for this is poorly understood. We have previously shown that the unconventional myosin motor myosin VI is required for PTH-induced removal of NaPi2a from the proximal tubule BB. Here we demonstrate that myosin VI is also necessary for PTH-induced removal of NaPi2c from the apical membrane. In addition, we show that, while at baseline the two cotransporters have similar diffusion coefficients within the membrane, after PTH addition the diffusion coefficient for NaPi2a initially exceeds that for NaPi2c. Thus NaPi2c appears to remain "tethered" in the apical membrane for longer periods of time after PTH treatment, accounting, at least in part, for the difference in response times to PTH of NaPi2a versus NaPi2c.

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