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Mol Cancer Res. 2011 Jun;9(6):791-800. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-10-0573. Epub 2011 May 18.

Downregulation of Sec23A protein by miRNA-375 in prostate carcinoma.

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Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Hygiene, Abteilung Virologie, Haus 47, Universitätsklinikum, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany.


Prostate carcinoma (CaP) is a leading cause of cancer-related death in men. We have previously determined the microRNA (miRNA) profile of primary CaP in comparison with nontumor prostate tissue. miRNAs are small, noncoding RNAs that inhibit protein synthesis on a posttranscriptional level by binding to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of their target genes. In primary CaP tissue, we have previously found by miRNA sequencing that miR-375 and miR-200c were upregulated 9.1- and 4.5-fold, respectively. A computational analysis predicted the 3'-UTR of the SEC23A gene as a potential target for both miR-375 and miR-200c. Here, we show that the 3'-UTR of SEC23A mRNA is indeed a target for miR-375 and miR-200c and that both miRNAs downregulate Sec23A protein expression when ectopically expressed in human 293T cells. In primary samples of CaP, we found a direct correlation between reduction of SEC23A mRNA and overexpression of miR-375 but not of miR-200c. The reduced levels of Sec23A protein were inversely correlated to the increased amount of miR-375 in the LNCaP and DU145 CaP cell lines when compared with normal prostate fibroblasts. In primary CaP, we also detected decreased amounts of Sec23A protein when compared with corresponding normal prostate tissue. Ectopically overexpressed Sec23A in LNCaP and DU145 CaP cells significantly reduced the growth properties, indicating that Sec23A might play a role in the induction or growth of prostate carcinoma. Sec23A overexpression reduced cell growth but did not induce apoptosis, whereas inhibition of Sec23A stimulated cell proliferation.

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