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Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2011 Nov-Dec;17(6):600-4. doi: 10.1177/1076029611405034. Epub 2011 May 17.

Continuous active state of coagulation system in patients with nonthrombotic inflammatory bowel disease.

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Bakırkoy Dr Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.


This study was planned for searching possible changes of the total coagulation and fibrinolysis system in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in order to obtain some clues for explaining the relation between IBD and hypercoagulability. A total of 24 patients with ulcerative colitis, 12 patients with Crohn disease, and 20 healthy controls were studied. Platelets; prothrombin time (PT); partial thromboplastin time (PTT); fibrinogen; D-dimer; fibrinogen degradation products; protein C; protein S; antithrombin; thrombin time; von Willebrand factor; coagulation factors V, VII, VIII, IX, XI, and XIII; plasminogen; antiplasmin; tissue plasminogen activator; plasminogen activator inhibitor 1; and prothrombin fragments 1 + 2 were studied. Most of the procoagulants (platelets, fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, coagulation factor IX, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1) were found increased together with decreases in some anticoagulants (protein S and antithrombin) in IBD. Also the activation markers of coagulation (D-dimer, fibrinogen degradation products, and prothrombin fragments 1 + 2) were all increased. The parameters of the total coagulation-fibrinolysis system were increased in IBD, regardless of the form and the activity of the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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