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Antiviral Res. 1990 Jan;13(1):41-52.

(+-)-(1 alpha,2 beta,3 alpha)-9-[2,3-bis(hydroxymethyl)-cyclobutyl] guanine [(+-)-BHCG or SQ 33,054]: a potent and selective inhibitor of herpesviruses.

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Squibb Institute for Medical Research, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000.


(+-)-(1 alpha,2 beta,3 alpha)-9-[2,3-bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclobutyl] guanine [(+-)-BHCG or SQ 33,054] is a newly synthesized nucleoside analog with potent and selective antiviral activity against members of the herpesvirus group, including human cytomegalovirus. The activity against a thymidine kinase deficient HSV-2 mutant was 25-fold poorer than against the parent virus, suggesting that phosphorylation is an important prerequisite for antiviral activity against HSV-2. (+-)-BHCG is readily phosphorylated by purified HSV-1 thymidine kinase, and BHCG triphosphate synthesized enzymatically is a selective inhibitor of HSV-1 DNA polymerase. (+-)-BHCG did not inhibit host cell growth at concentrations at least 1000-fold higher than HSV-2 inhibitory concentrations. Subcutaneous administration of (+-)-BHCG was protective against HSV-1 systemic infections in mice. BHCG is an exciting antiviral agent and represents a new class of nucleoside analogs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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