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J Bone Miner Res. 1990 Mar;5(3):273-8.

Acidosis inhibits 1,25-(OH)2D3 but not cAMP production in response to parathyroid hormone in the rat.

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Department of Medicine, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, IL 60637.


Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a major activator of renal proximal tubule 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1-hydroxylase (1-OHase). Chronic metabolic acidosis (CMA) inhibits 1-OHase and reduces circulating 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] levels in rats fed a low-Ca diet (LCD, 0.002% Ca). To examine the cellular mechanism whereby CMA inhibits 1-OHase, PTH-dependent renal 1-OHase activity and cAMP were measured in proximal tubules isolated from rats fed LCD for 14 days and made acidotic by the addition of 1.5% ammonium chloride to the drinking water. Serum 1,25-(OH)2D3 and proximal tubule 1-OHase activity and cAMP content were lower in acidotic rats. hPTH-(1-34) (10(-7) M) in vitro increased cAMP content to equivalent concentrations in tubules from rats with CMA and from nonacidotic controls; however, PTH increased 1-OHase activity only in tubules from nonacidotic animals. Although forskolin increased tubule cAMP content to equivalent levels in tubules from acidotic and nonacidotic rats, 1-OHase activity declined in tubules from nonacidotic rats and remained suppressed in acidotic tubules. The results suggest that chronic metabolic acidosis inhibits the PTH activation of 1-OHase through alteration of one or more steps in a cAMP-independent messenger system. PTH and forskolin can increase cAMP production by acidotic and nonacidotic proximal tubules; however, 1-OHase activity is not restored to normal in acidotic tubules and nonacidotic tubule 1-OHase may be inhibited.

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