Send to

Choose Destination
Growth Factors. 2011 Aug;29(4):119-27. doi: 10.3109/08977194.2011.582839. Epub 2011 May 19.

Role of TGF-β and BMP7 in the pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis.

Author information

Department of Molecular Reproduction, Development and Genetics, Indian Institute of Science, 560012, Bangalore, India.


To understand the molecular pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), which is a chronic inflammatory disease, gene expression profiling was performed in 10 OSF tissues against 8 pooled normal tissues using oligonucleotide arrays. Microarray results revealed differential expression of 5,288 genes (P ≤ 0.05 and fold change ≥ 1.5). Among these, 2,884 are upregulated and 2,404 are downregulated. Validation employing quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry confirmed upregulation of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), TGFBIp, THBS1, SPP1, and TIG1 and downregulation of bone morphogenic protein 7 (BMP7) in OSF tissues. Furthermore, activation of TGF-β pathway was evident in OSF as demonstrated by pSMAD2 strong immunoreactivity. Treatment of keratinocytes and oral fibroblasts by TGF-β confirmed the regulation of few genes identified in microarray including upregulation of connective tissue growth factor, TGM2, THBS1, and downregulation of BMP7, which is a known negative modulator of fibrosis. Taken together, these data suggest activation of TGF-β signaling and suppression of BMP7 expression in the manifestation of OSF.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center