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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1990 Apr;341(4):308-15.

Cytotoxic enzyme release and oxygen centered radical formation in human neutrophils are selectively inhibited by E-type prostaglandins but not by PGI2.

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Institut für Pharmakologie, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Federal Republic of Germany.


The action of PGE1, PGE2, PGI2 and iloprost on superoxide anion generation, lysosomal enzyme release, and changes of Ca2+ fluxes in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) was studied in vitro. Both PGE-type compounds were equipotent inhibitors of FMLP-and PAF-stimulated superoxide anion generation, beta-glucuronidase release (IC50 3-5 mumol/l) and Ca2+ influx while PGI2 and iloprost were ineffective at concentrations up to 10 mumol/l. These inhibitory actions of PGE1 and PGE2 were paralleled by an increase in cAMP level of the PMN while no change occurred with PGI2 and iloprost. None of the prostaglandins affected the initial intracellular Ca2+ liberation after challenge with FMLP or PAF. Preincubation of PMN with PGE1 and PGE2 but not with iloprost resulted in subsequent desensitization against a second administration of these compounds. None of the compounds affected PMN activation produced by arachidonic acid or calcimycin (A 23187). These data demonstrate that PGE-type compounds are effective inhibitors of receptor-mediated (PAF, FMLP) activation of human PMN while prostacyclins are considerably less potent. This suggests that the inhibitory prostaglandin receptor on human PMN belongs to the E-type being functionally different from the inhibitory prostaglandin receptor on human platelets. These results suggest that compounds, such as PGE1 and PGE2 might be superior to prostacyclins to prevent PMN-associated generation of reactive oxygen species and lysosomal enzyme release in situations with endogenous PMN activation, i.e. inflammatory reactions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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