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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Jun;33(6):1510-6. doi: 10.1002/jmri.22553.

Reduced transverse relaxation rate (RR2) for improved sensitivity in monitoring myocardial iron in thalassemia.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging and Signal Processing, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the reduced transverse relaxation rate (RR2), a new relaxation index which has been shown recently to be primarily sensitive to intracellular ferritin iron, as a means of detecting short-term changes in myocardial storage iron produced by iron-chelating therapy in transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A single-breathhold multi-echo fast spin-echo sequence was implemented at 3 Tesla (T) to estimate RR2 by acquiring signal decays with interecho times of 5, 9 and 13 ms. Transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients (N = 8) were examined immediately before suspending iron-chelating therapy for 1 week (Day 0), after a 1-week suspension of chelation (Day 7), and after a 1-week resumption of chelation (Day 14).

RESULTS:

The mean percent changes in RR2, R2, and R2* off chelation (between Day 0 and 7) were 11.9 ± 8.9%, 5.4 ± 7.7% and -4.4 ± 25.0%; and, after resuming chelation (between Day 7 and 14), -10.6 ± 13.9%, -8.9 ± 8.0% and -8.5 ± 24.3%, respectively. Significant differences in R2 and RR2 were observed between Day 0 and 7, and between Day 7 and 14, with the greatest proportional changes in RR2. No significant differences in R2* were found.

CONCLUSION:

These initial results demonstrate that significant differences in RR2 are detectable after a single week of changes in iron-chelating therapy, likely as a result of superior sensitivity to soluble ferritin iron, which is in close equilibrium with the chelatable cytosolic iron pool. RR2 measurement may provide a new means of monitoring the short-term effectiveness of iron-chelating agents in patients with myocardial iron overload.

PMID:
21591022
PMCID:
PMC3098046
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.22553
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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