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J Biol Chem. 1990 May 5;265(13):7492-500.

Variations in cap-binding complexes from uninfected and poliovirus-infected HeLa cells.

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Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66103.


Poliovirus infection of HeLa cells results in cleavage of the p220 subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor eIF-4F and inhibits cap-dependent initiation of protein synthesis. To examine the effect of virus-induced inhibition on the structure of initiation factor complexes involved in cap binding, the polypeptide compositions of cap affinity-purified complexes from uninfected and poliovirus-infected HeLa cells were analyzed. Monoclonal antibodies directed against p220 and an eIF-3 subunit, p170, were utilized to locate eIF-3 and eIF-4F on sucrose gradients and in fractions eluting from cap analog columns. This approach resulted in the purification of several different cap-binding complexes from different cellular subfractions and revealed significant differences in their composition after infection. The results indicate that eIF-3 and eIF-4F bind to the cap structure, possibly in the form of a complex, and that a modified form of eIF-3 alone has some cap-binding activity in the complete absence of p220, eIF-4A, and eIF-4E. Ribosome-derived complexes containing cleaved p220 are no longer associated with eIF-3 or eIF-4A, and a significant amount of cleaved p220 is associated with a unique cytoplasmic cap-binding complex. The cytoplasmic complex also contains Mr = 170,000 and 80,000 polypeptides, neither of which are major components of eIF-4F. These results demonstrate significant variation in the composition of cap-binding complexes from both infected and uninfected cells. They indicate that eIF-3 might play a direct role in cap binding and suggest that poliovirus-induced cleavage of p220 results in the release of the eIF-4A subunit from eIF-4F and abolishes an association between eIF-4F and eIF-3 which may function during the multifactor steps involved in initiation of cap-mediated translation.

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